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Obama seeks change in how U.S. pays to fight wildfires

Wildfires burn in New Mexico's Gila National Forest in this NASA satellite image dated May 27, 2012. Diminished winds helped fire crews take
Wildfires burn in New Mexico's Gila National Forest in this NASA satellite image dated May 27, 2012. Diminished winds helped fire crews take

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President Barack Obama will ask Congress in his budget proposal next week to change the way it pays for the soaring costs of fighting wildfires, the White House said on Monday, noting the new approach will ensure more money goes to preventing fires.

Obama met on Monday with governors from western states that have had massive fires in recent years, including Arizona, Colorado and Oregon, to discuss the approach.

"Population growth near forest and range lands, past management practices and a changing climate have dramatically increased wildfire risk and the resulting cost," White House spokesman Jay Carney told reporters.

The Agriculture and Interior department currently base their fire-fighting budgets on a 10-year average of costs, which left them underfunded for 8 of the past 10 years, and forced to draw from fire prevention programs to make up the costs.

"Unfortunately, the current way that the government pays for fire suppression and preparedness costs is ill-suited to the increasing severity and cost of fires," Carney said.

Obama supports legislation sponsored by Oregon Democrat Ron Wyden and Idaho Republican Mike Crapo that would treat the largest fires as natural disasters, meaning funds would come from disaster accounts.

The senators estimate removing the largest 1 percent of fires from regular budgets would free up to $412 million for fire prevention projects.

"The largest wildfires are natural disasters, no different from tornadoes or earthquakes," Wyden said in a statement.

Obama has pledged to do more to address climate change and help communities prepare for the impact of severe weather. Earlier this month, he toured parts of California's drought zone, and stressed that governments need to do more to curb carbon emissions blamed for climate change.

(Reporting by Roberta Rampton; Editing by Bernard Orr)

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